More widespread mammals found here include the mantled guereza (Colobus guereza), which is also threatened as its habitat disappears as does that of many other mammals of the highlands such as olive baboon (Papio anubis), Egyptian wolf (Canis aureus), leopard (Panthera pardus), lion (Panthera leo), spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta), caracal (Caracal caracal), serval (Leptailurus serval), common duiker (Sylvicapra grimmia), and giant forest hog (Hylochoerus meinertzhageni). Africas physical geography, environment and resources, and human geography can be considered separately. Notify me of followup comments via e-mail. Fauna at these elevations includes the endemic Harwood's spurfowl (Pternistis harwoodi), Prince Ruspoli's turaco (Tauraco ruspolii) and yellow-throated seedeater (Serinus flavigula)[7]. It is truly a very beautiful place which can not be experienced anywhere else on Earth. The two sections are separated by the vast Eastern Rift Valley, which cuts across Ethiopia from southwest to northeast. The highest mountain is called Ras Dashen with a height of 4,620 m. 80 % of Africa’s tallest mountains are located in this highland. Required fields are marked *. Generally, the geological processes have formed isolated alpine plateau peaks which contain a spectacular and unique plant and animal life. Wiki User Answered . UNESCO identifies 11 churches in Lalibela and was declared as a world heritage site back in 1978. The country has one of the most rugged and complex topographies in the continent. They live as if on an island in the middle of a continent plagued by crises and problems. The southeastern portion's highest peaks are located in the Bale Zone of Ethiopia's Oromia Region. Ethiopia is often referred to as the “water tower” of Africa because of its abundant water resources, the greatest in the whole of Africa. Africas physical geography, environment and resources, and human geography can be considered separately. It forms the largest continuous area of its elevation in the continent, with little of its surface falling below 1,500 m (4,900 ft), while the summits reach heights of up to 4,550 m (14,930 ft). In the Harenna Forest, pockets of moist, closed-canopy forest with Pouteria and Olea are draped with lianas and epiphytes, while above 2400 meters, a shrubby zone is home to Hagenia, Schefflera, and giant lobelias (Lobelia gibberroa), species which can be found on the East African mountains further south. It is sometimes called the Roof of Africa due to its height and large area. 2010-05-20 13:35:50 2010-05-20 13:35:50. [5] Contrary to what has been suggested for much of Africa, planation surfaces in northern Ethiopia do not appear to be pediplains nor etchplains.[5]. The interior part of Ethiopia is covered by the Ethiopian Highlands and continues further north into Eritrea. The natural vegetation was closed-canopy forest in moister areas, and grassland, bushland, and thicket in drier areas. While the population is in a state of flux, still it is estimated that there are fewer than 500 individuals left in the world, making it the most endangered carnivore in Africa: the Ethiopian Wolf. Answer. There are several endemic animal species, one of which, the Ethiopian wolf (Canis simensis), is critically endangered. The large protected area of fertile lands and major rivers became the seat of a power that would hold sway in its nearby region and beyond the continent. The highest peak in the Ethiopian highlands is Ras Dashen. In Ethiopian Highlands the average altitude is about 2,400 meters above sea level however significant areas lie over 3,600 m and several peaks exceeds 4,000 meters. Another interesting fact about Ethiopia is, that it is the second country after Armenia to have adopted Christianity as its official religion. 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