Note that all shelf hanger widths are actually … Additional sizes may be available or on special order. 3/4" × 3-1/2". 1×4. Standard Lumber is dedicated to serving the professional builders and remodelers of West Michigan. Typical length of lumber Most lumber for residential construction comes … Other common sizes include 1 x 4 lumber, 1 x 6 lumber, 2 x 2 lumber, 2 x 6 lumber, 2 x 8 lumber and 2 x 12 lumber. Most home center stores will rip a sheet of plywood at no or minimal charge. google_ad_slot = "1049003120"; Standard Lumber is a leading supplier of Pole Barns and Post Frame building packages in the greater West Michigan area. Other lengths are available for unusual situations. North American Standard 1-by Lumber Dimension lumber can be bought in pre-cut studs, for framing and other purposes, which will save a carpenter time in … Nominal and actual widths are also equal, and the wood is sold by the board-foot. Fasteners and Connectors. So, this example board's actual length is 8 feet. Hardwood lumber is typically heavier. Standard lumber lengths are in 1-foot lengths up to 6 feet long. //-->. Besides having an abiding interest in popular science, Deziel has been active in the building and home design trades since 1975. Actual sizes are exact lumber measurements thickness x width in inches (imperial units). Lumber for construction purposes available in variety of different sizes. Width, length and thickness of lumber are not only factors of price determination. Depending on wood species there are softwood lumber and hardwood lumber. google_ad_client = "ca-pub-3422521475473541"; Green lumber is any lumber whose moisture content is greater than 19%.When purchased, rough lumber can’t less than 1/8″ thicker or wider than the actual size specified, except that 20% of a shipment can be up to 2/32″ thicker or wider. Surfaced construction lumber, whether fir, pine, redwood or cedar, is sold by the foot and available in 2-foot increments from 6 to 16 feet at most lumber yards. In 2 in. Nominal thicknesses, expressed in increments of 1/4 inch, are the same as actual thicknesses. Nominal Size. (2) Boards less than the minimum dressed thickness for 1″ nominal but which are 5/8″ or greater thickness dry may be regarded as American Standard Lumber, but such Boards shall be marked to … Softwood lumber is generally used for framing walls and floors. Dimensions mean nominal sizes with the moisture content of the sawn timber at 20%.The most common lengths vary between 2.7 m and 5.4 m in steps of 300 mm. google_ad_height = 90; x 4 ft. Standard Lengths of Dimension Lumber. Woods-length logs are typically bucked into mill-length … Installation Tips and More. When the dimensions of lumber are written, the last one out of the three is usually the length and unlike the thickness and depth, the length is normally the length. Lengths of dimension lumber, however, do come in standard lengths. Western Red Cedar- A & Better- Kiln Dried- Dimension- S4S- … Standard Lumber Co. is the premier supplier of lumber and related building materials for professional contractors throughout the Chicago-land area. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Consequently, the actual dimensions of a 2-by-4-inch framing stud are 1 1/2 by 3 1/2 inches, and those of a 1-by-4-inch trim board are 3/4 by 3 1/2 inches. google_ad_slot = "8903491512"; How to Calculate the Framing Size for a Deck. For framing houses as well as many outdoor structures such as porches or decks softwood timber typically used. Metric Lumber Sizes Nominal Actual Metric 2x4 1.5” x 3.5” 38x89 2x6 1.5” x 5.5” 38x140 2x8 1.5” x 7.25” 38x184 2x10 1.5” x 9.25” 38x235 2x12 1.5” x 11.25” 38x286 soft converted ACTUAL lumber sizes (NOT nominals) will be soft converted. (In 2″ Dimension, widths over 12″ are not customary stock sizes, so 2×14 and wider sizes are usually produced only on special order.) Naturally Endowed: South Africa is a beautiful country and our commercial tree farming areas’ are naturally endowed with warm summers, mediocre winters, deep soils and an annual rainfall of … Lumber is generally sized according to thickness, as in the case of rough sawn lumber, or in specific widths, thicknesses and/or lengths as in the case of dimensional lumber. If you strap your ceilings, as many East Coast carpenters do (see “ Strapping Ceilings ,” Sep/14), while using standard precut studs, you usually have to rip a bit off the edge of one of … Nominal dimensions are known names for a certain lumber only. google_ad_client = "ca-pub-3422521475473541"; Surfaced boards with nominal thicknesses of 2 inches or more are actually 1/2 inch thinner than their nominal values. Three stocking warehouses on a 3-1/2 acre site … Both standard lumber sizes & white melamine shelving sizes are shown. Shop dimensional lumber and a variety of building supplies products online at Demand for lumber in World War II led to the shipment and use of large quantities of lumber dressed green to standard sizes. 3/4" × 1-1/2". Actual Size. Dimensional lumber is a term used for lumber that is finished - planed and cut - to a standardized width and depth specified in inches.. Commercial lumber dimensions - American Softwood Lumber Standards - nominal and actual sizes are indicated in the table below. (1) The old standard of calling this board a 2 x 4 still remains, even though in today's lumber practices, the board has never been 2 x 4 inches in … As of 2012, it is 3/4 inches. Please Note: Prices, promotions, styles and availability may vary by store and online. 1-inch lumber is also available at many outlets in 4-foot lengths for use as fencing. Lumber Dimensions – Weird 2×4 Lengths? The American Lumber Congress first established nationwide standards for lumber dimensions in 1924 in the midst of the construction boom that followed World War I. The current standards for dimensioned lumber sold in the United States were set by the American Lumber Standards Committee in 1963. 1×2. The top-selling framing lumber product is the Dimensions 2 in. U.S. Department of Agriculture: History of Yard Lumber Size Standards, Wood Magazine: Buying Cabinet-Quality Lumber. Similarly, there is a 1/2-inch difference between the nominal and actual values of the widths of surfaced boards, no matter what the thickness. Standardization of lumber sizes and grades goes hand in hand with the Uniform Building Code to maintain safety of structures and regularity of building practices across the United States. However the following lengths are readily available from most lumber yards and some home centers. This initial process can create woods-length or mill-length (sawn-lumber length) logs. While the nominal width and length typically are true to the actual sheet size, the thickness often varies slightly from the nominal dimension. Welcome To Sawmilling South Africa. Both 18- and 20-foot lengths are produced by mills but are not commonly stocked at most building-supply stores. In modern lumber practices, the boards are no longer exactly 2 x 4 inches when first cut, but today's drying and planing methods still leave the board 1 1/2 inches thick and 3 1/2 inches wide. Pine 2x4 stud with actual dimensions 1.5” x 3.5” x 96” will weigh about 10 pounds (4.5 kilograms) of about 1.3 lb per each foot. Standard lengths for dimensional lumber. As stated earlier, their actual sizes are 1 1/2 inches and 3 1/2 inches. Floor framing requires 2-by-8, 2-by-10 or l… Premium Yellow Southern Pine Dimensional Lumber (3-Pack). These lengths are used for wall plating, window and door framing and bracing. Common treated lumber dimensions are available through most building supply retailers. google_ad_height = 90; The standards govern the sizes of dressed, or surfaced, and undressed, or rough-sawn, lumber. An exception is 2-by-4 framing studs, which have a length of exactly 92 5/8 inches. Standard Lumber stocks a full range of laminated veneer lumber (LVL) from 9-1/4 to 11-7/8. Standard lengths for these range from 8 feet up to 16 feet. We’re a third generation, family owned and operated lumberyard that has been providing superior service for over 85 years. And because it’s sized the same way across the country, the dimensions will always be exact wherever you are. lumber led to the first national size standard in 1924. /* Bottom ad image 728x90 */ Common wall construction lengths. This was revised in 1926, 1928, 1939, and 1953, while still another revision is proposed for adoption in 1964. google_ad_width = 728; The predominant use of dimension lumber in building construction is in framing of roofs, floors, shearwalls, diaphragms, and … . Yet lengths of dimensional stock are always expressed as actual sizes. When using studs, other dimensions of 2-by-4 and 2-by-6 lumber is used. CEA0208. Thus a 4/4 length of hardwood is actually 1 inch thick, and a 5/4 length is 1 1/4 inches thick. x 8 ft. #2 and Better Kiln-Dried Heat Treated Spruce-Pine-Fir Lumber Dimensional Lumber. 2 in. This length allows them to fit between 2-by-4 top and bottom plates to form an 8-foot wall with a small allowance at the bottom for easier drywall installation. Here we will define each to help you better understand the sizing methods used when referring to lumber "size". x 4 in. For wall framing, precut "stud" lengths are available, and are commonly used. Moreover, retailers usually conform to a different standard when sizing hardwood lumber. For the hardwood lumber thickness of boards determine for standardization purpose. 1×3. Other lengths and modules must be agreed separately. 2 x 6 x 116-5/8" Stud or Better Construction/Framing Lumber. In the United States, these measurements come in 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20 22, and 24 foot lengths. In general, 1-inch … Builders usually avoid mixing surfaced and unsurfaced lumber in a project to avoid mismatched joints. What Does Per Linear Foot for Cabinets Mean? With seven full service lumber locations in West Michigan and a professional outside sales force, Standard Lumber is equipped to take care of the professionals' needs. Dimensional Lumber. Most lumber for residential construction comes from 8 feet (244 centimeters) to 16 ft. (488 cm) long with 24” (71 mm) increment. Nominal dimensions which identify certain board, beam or post do not represent its actual parameters. Whereas if you buy a stack of so-called 8-foot lumber, the lengths always seem to vary a bit and you have to cut every one to length. These measurements are the depth and width of the board. For the best results, use building-code approved, corrosion-resistant fasteners and connectors for all exterior wood … Standard full sheets of plywood are 4 feet wide and 8 feet long and come in thicknesses ranging from 1/8 inch to 1 inch. Our unlimited selection of building packages offer a wide variety of designs and styles.. SIERRA Buildings offers custom erected Post Frame Buildings, by Standard Lumber approved, licensed and … At the same time, length of lumber normally does not have nominal dimensions and only actual size determine. 8' 10' 12' 14' 16' 20' There are also pre-cut lengths. x 8 ft, 8 represents the length of the lumber. The maximum length of dimension lumber that can be obtained is about 7 m (23 ft), but varies throughout Canada. As a landscape builder, he helped establish two gardening companies. In the United States, softwood lumber is governed by the National Institute of Standards American Softwood Lumber Standard (PS 20). Some lumber might be sold in odd sizes such as 7 or 9 feet, but it is rare and might be available just from certain lumber retailers. Chris Deziel has a bachelor's degree in physics and a master's degree in humanities. The first two numbers (2 inches and 4 inches) are nominal widths and depths for the lumber. Early American builders had ready sources of lumber that they could cut to any size they needed. Interior trim lumber may be available in shorter or longer lengths. The weight will also depend on wood moisture content. Thickness and width dimensions mean the nominal sizes of the timber at a moisture content of 20%.The standard … 3/4" × 2-1/2". Same size and species pressure-treated lumber might be heavier than kiln dried just because of a treatment and different moisture level. Lumber measurements in width and thickness normally 0.25 inches (6 millimeters) – 0.75 in (19 mm) smaller than nominal sizes. google_ad_width = 728; Standard Thicknesses. Soft conversion is conversion to metric with little rounding versus hard … Hardwood boards widely used for building decorative wooded elements by carpenters while finishing interior of custom homes, or as a higher quality and durability decking option. Installation Tips . When it established those standards in 1924, Congress allowed leeway for surfacing, or dressing, of dried lumber, so that the actual width and thickness of a board were less than the nominal values. Find 2-in x 6-in dimensional lumber at Lowe's today. What Kind of Wood Are Lathe Boards Made From? 1. Some 2x4s and 2x6s sold as precut 92 5/8” long option what is a standard length of wall studs. Surfaced construction lumber, whether fir, pine, redwood or cedar, is sold by the foot and available in 2-foot increments from 6 to 16 feet at most lumber yards. AN EVALUATION OF LOG LENGTH ONAN EVALUATION OF LOG LENGTH ON TIMBER VALUES • Bucking, or cross-cutting, is the process of sawing a felled tree length bole into shorter log segments. Wood species will determine the weight at a first place. After this point, the standard length changes to 2-foot increments, starting with 8 feet long. Posted on August 11, 2012 by Andy I love to use 2x4s to build simple projects around the house and garage — projects that call for a little bulk and strength (like workbenches and shelves), but not too much woodworking finesse.