In [Schramm, 2005], pages 159–197. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. They are considered the most important person in history born with the first name of Alexius. Hyle and Noema 48 49 BIBLIOGRAPHY TRANSLATION OF SELECI'ED TEXTS REFERRED TO IN THE FOOTNOTES 51 INTRODUCTION SECTION I PREFACE Meinong was one of the great … [25], Meinong distinguishes four classes of "objects":[26]:133. [14], In 1882, Meinong became a professor at the University of Graz[10] and was later promoted as Chair of its Philosophy department. À l'inverse, Meinong affirme que l'existence ou la non existence d'un objet est indépendante de sa constitution interne ; en termes meinongiens, l'être (Sein) d'un objet n'est jamais déductible de son être-tel (Sosein) : un objet est toujours extérieur à l'être (außerseiend, « hors de l'être »). He also made contributions to philosophy of mind and theory of value.–3 1853, d. 1920) was an Austrian philosopher and psychologist who worked at the University of Graz from 1882 until his death. Pronunciation of Alexius Meinong with 1 audio pronunciation and more for Alexius Meinong. Alexius Meinong - Alexius Meinong Ritter von Handschuchsheim (17 July 1853 – 27 November 1920) was an Austrian philosopher, a realist known for his unique ontology. Jan 30, 2018 - Alexius Meinong: Meinong holds that objects may have one of the following three modalities of being and non-being: *Existence (Existenz, verb: existieren), or actual reality (Wirklichkeit), which denotes the material and temporal being of an object. Translations of Alexius Meinong Arabic : ألكسيوس Meinong "This essay presents a re-examination of Alexius Meinong's article Über Gegenstandstheorie (On the Theory of Objects) and undertakes a clarification and revision of it which, I hope, is both faithful to Meinong and capable of overcoming the various objections to his theory that have appeared in the literature. For Meinong, what an object is, its real essence, depends on the properties of the object. Alexius Meinong Surname: Meinong Sunday, July 17, 1853. [15], Meinong wrote two early essays on David Hume, the first dealing with his theory of abstraction, the second with his theory of relations, and was relatively strongly influenced by British empiricism. the true, the good, the beautiful, Meinong, A. Alexius Meinong was born in Lemburg, Poland, but his family soon returned to Austria. (1970). Routley, R. and Valerie Routley. Alexius Meinong Ritter von Handschuchsheim was an Austrian philosopher, a realist known for his unique ontology. Meinong. Samuel Butler, cited in Hughes and Brecht 1975: 63. USD 109.00 Instant download; Readable on all devices; Own it forever; Local sales tax included if applicable; Buy Physical Book Learn about institutional subscriptions. ); others cannot in principle ever exist, such as the objects of mathematics (numbers, theorems, etc. Logische Untersuchung und Meinongs Hume-Studien I" in [Haller, 1972], pages 103–116. “The totality of what exists, including what has existed and will exist, is infinitely small in comparison with the totality of the objects of knowledge. In Über die Stellung der Gegenstadntheorie im System der Wissenschaften. Closer readers of his work, however, accept that Meinong held the view that objects are "indifferent to being"[21] and that they stand "beyond being and non-being". Objects may have one of the following three modalities of being and non-being:[23]:37–52, Certain objects can exist (mountains, birds, etc. Alexius Meinong is the most famous person named Alexius. How to say Alexius Meinong in Dutch? His theory of objects,[16] now known as "Meinongian object theory,"[4] is based around the purported empirical observation that it is possible to think about something, such as a golden mountain, even though that object does not exist. Part II: Meinong’s Analysis of Relations" in. MEINONG, ALEXIUS(1853–1920) Alexius Meinong studied under Franz Brentano at the University of Vienna from 1875 through 1878 and taught at the University of Graz from 1882 until his death. alexius meinong, the shepherd of non-being - dale meinong studies have come a long way from bertrand russell’s off-target criticisms and recent times have seen a rise of interest in a meinongian approach to logic and the theory of meaning. Its absistence is evidenced by our act of intending it, which is logically prior to our denying that it has being. Part I: Meinong’s Nominalism" in, Kenneth, B. Doubt 47 19. Meinong would later claim that his mentor did not directly influence his shift into philosophy, though he did acknowledge that during that time Brentano may have helped him improve his progress in philosophy. External links. Available from Philosophy Bites and iTunes. Alexius Meinong's father was officer Anton von Meinong (1799–1870), who was granted the hereditary title of Ritter in 1851 and reached the rank of Major General in 1858 before retiring in 1859. Whatever can be the target of a mental act, Meinong calls an "object."[3]. ), russell vs. meinong: the legacy of "on denoting" [book review] berit brogaard. He was a representative of the generation of British ordinary language philosophers who shared Wittgenstein's approach to philosophical problems, and is principally known for his critique of Cartesian dualism for which he coined the phrase "the ghost in the machine." [12] Meinong studied under Brentano with Edmund Husserl, who would also become a notable and influential philosopher. (2009): "Meinongs Philosophie der Gefühle und ihr Einfluss auf die Grazer Schule" in Meinong Studien III Graz, This page was last edited on 2 October 2020, at 10:55. Življenje. Alexius Meinong Ritter von Handschuchsheim was an Austrian philosopher, a realist known for his unique ontology. (1899). [13] Both are recognized for their respective contribution to philosophical research. [21] On this view Meinong is expressly denying that existence is a property of an object. [19] Further, recent Meinongians such as Terence Parsons and Roderick Chisholm have established the consistency of a Meinongian theory of objects, while others (e.g., Karel Lambert) have defended the uselessness of such a theory. Albertazzi, L., Jacquette, D., and Poli, R., editors (2001). (1904). Source for information on Meinong, Alexius (1853–1920): Encyclopedia of Philosophy dictionary. Russell, Bertrand. It might be outdated or ideologically biased. A version of the argument is given in "The Theory of Objects", Alexius Meinong Ritter von Handschuchsheim, nuclear vs. extranuclear (constitutive vs. extra-constitutive), On the Content and Object of Presentations, Alexius Meinong: Editions, Translations, Bibliographic Resources, Alexius Meinong's page on the Mathematics Genealogy Project, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Alexius_Meinong&oldid=981446842, People from the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Dignitative, e.g. "Zur psychologie der Komplexionen und Relationen" in, Meinong, A. Authors: Jacquette, Dale Free Preview. (Note that all objects absist, while some subset of these subsist, of which a yet-smaller subset exist.) "Meinong's Theory of Complexes and Assumptions" in, Ryle, Gilbert. “The totality of what exists, including what has existed and will exist, is infinitely small in comparison with the totality of the objects of knowledge. Their Zodiac sign is ♋Cancer. He also made contributions to philosophy of mind and theory of value.[9]:1–3. Ontos Verlag. Both of these criticisms stem from Meinong's theory that there is an object, whether it exists or subsists, for every set of properties. Kenneth, B. À l'université de Vienne, en 1870, il commence, comme Hume, par s'intéresser à l'histoire, à l'économie et au droit. 16. Presentation of Objects via Psychological Content A. Meinong’s Introduction of Psychological Content . *Subsistence (Bestand, verb: bestehen), which denotes the being of an object in a non-temporal sense. "Hume Studien II. He is most noted, however, for his edited book Theory of Objects (full title: Investigations in Theory of Objects and Psychology, German: Untersuchungen zur Gegenstandstheorie und Psychologie, 1904), which grew out of his work on intentionality and his belief in the possibility of intending nonexistent objects. Ryle, G., "Intentionality-Theory and the Nature of Thinking", in R. Haller, ed.. See Russell's article, "Meinong's Theory of Complexes and Assumptions", reprinted in his collection, Though Meinong speaks of it loosely as a "third order of being" in his "The Theory of Objects" in. ; (2) is value ontologically dependent on the valuing subject? Alexius Meinong’s Theory of “Personal Value" in the Context of Axiological Discourses Vol 48 (1995) Alexius Meinong’s Theory of “Personal Value" in the Context of Axiological Discourses Abstract The main problems of the philosophical value theory (axiology) are: (1) is value ontologically dependent on the being? "Abstraktion und Relationen beim jungen Meinong" in [Schramm, 2005], pages 7–62. [12], Meinong holds that objects can be divided into three categories on the basis of their ontological status. 1 Citations; 367 Downloads; Log in to check access . [13]:1–7 Both their works exhibited parallel developments, particularly from 1891 to 1904. Dölling, E. (2005). Since we can refer to such things, they must have some sort of being. The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). Being-given is not a minimal mode of being, because it is not a mode of being at all. Alexius Meinong Ritter von Handschuchsheim (b. 1 quote from Alexius Meinong: 'The totality of what exists, including what has existed and will exist, is infinitely small in comparison with the totality of the objects of knowledge. "Meinong’s Hume Studies. Gilbert Ryle Quotes. Alexius Meinong: On Objects of Higher Order and Husserl’s Phenomenology Marie-Luise Schubert Kalsi (auth.) All his formal education was in Vienna, first at the Academic Gymnasium and then at the university, where in 1874 he took his degree in history and philosophy. The philosopher A. C. Grayling discusses Meinong in a podcast about Bertrand Russell's Theory of Descriptions. Supplement to Alexius Meinong. 110 likes. Rollinger, R. D. (2005). - Selbstdarstellung, Teoría del objeto y Presentación personal. "Über Gegenstände höherer Ordnung und deren Verhältniss zur inneren Wahrnehmung" in. Alexius Meinong Ritter von Handschuchsheim (17. julij 1853 – 27. november 1920 je bil avstrijski filozof in realist, znan po svoji edinstveni ontologiji. "Alexius Meinong and his circle of students and collaborators at the Philosophisches Institut der Universität Graz formulated the basic principles for a general theory of objects. In 1870, he entered the University of Vienna law school where he was drawn to Carl Menger's lectures on economics. MEINONG, DEFECTIVE OBJECTS, AND (PSYCHO-)LOGICAL PARADOX William J. RAPAPORT State University of New York, College at Fredonia There is nothing so unthinkable as thought, unless it be the entire absence of thought. [10] In summer 1874, he earned a doctorate in history by writing a thesis on Arnold of Brescia. Meinong, Alexius von Born July 17, 1853, in Lemberg, present-day L’vov; died Nov. 27, 1920, in Graz, Austria. Podcasts. Prispeval je tudi k filozofiji uma in teoriji vrednosti. — the red-content becomes an intended object and serves for the logical law. "Intentionality-Theory and the Nature of Thinking.". Goodreads helps you follow your favorite authors. [24] Absistence, unlike existence and subsistence, does not have a negation; everything absists. Finally, a third class of objects cannot even subsist, such as impossible objects (e.g. "Alexius Meinong". notre dame philosophical reviews 2009 (4) (2009) authors no keywords specified (fix it) categories alexius meinong in 19th century [22] These properties are genuinely possessed whether the object exists or not, and so existence cannot be a mere property of an object. Therefore, there is an object that is both round and not round, or round and square. Meinong became a pupil of Franz Brentano, who was then a recent addition to the philosophical faculty. (1891). This fact easily goes unnoticed, probably because the lively interest in reality which is part of our nature tends to favor that exaggeration which finds the non-real a mere nothing (...) or, more precisely, which finds the non-real to be something for which science has no application or at least no application of any worth.”, Uber Gegenstandstheorie. Be the first to learn about new releases! Meinong supervised the promotions of Christian von Ehrenfels (founder of Gestalt psychology) and Adalbert Meingast, as well as the habilitation of Alois Höfler and Anton Oelzelt-Newin. Albertazzi, L., Jacquette, D., & Poli, R., eds.. Meinong, "Über Gegenstandstheorie", in Alexius Meinong, ed. Bertrand Russell famously responded to this view when he proposed a solution to the problem of negative existentials in " On Denoting ", as did W.V.O. Publisher Page. (2005). From 1868 to 1870, Meinong studied at the Akademisches Gymnasium, Vienna. Alexius Meinong Ritter von Handschuchsheim (17 July 1853 – 27 November 1920) was an Austrian philosopher, a realist known for his unique ontology. Alexius Meinong, much like Parmenides, believed that while anything which can be spoken of meaningfully may not "exist", it must still "subsist" and therefore have being. Just a moment while we sign you in to your Goodreads account. The result that everything absists allows Meinong to deal with our ability to affirm the non-being (Nichtsein) of an object. Historically, Meinong has been treated, especially by Gilbert Ryle,[18]:8–9 as an eccentric whose theory of objects was allegedly dealt a severe blow in Bertrand Russell's essay "On Denoting" (1905) (see Russellian view). "Meinong’s Hume Studies. Authors; Marie-Luise Schubert Kalsi; Book. Meinong called such nonexistent objects "homeless";[17] others have nicknamed their place of residence "Meinong's jungle" because of their great number and exotic nature. Gilbert Ryle (19 August 1900 – 6 October 1976) was a British philosopher. "Hume Studien I. Zur Geschichte und Kritik des modernen Nominalismus" in, Meinong, A. Zur Relationstheorie" in, Meinong, A. Read reviews from world’s largest community for readers. Alexius Meinong book. During his tenure, he founded the Graz Psychological Institute (Grazer Psychologische Institut; founded in 1894) and the Graz School of experimental psychology. However, Russell himself thought highly of the vast majority of Meinong's work and, until formulating his theory of descriptions, held similar views about nonexistent objects. Schermann, H. (1972). [20], Meinong is also seen to be controversial in the field of philosophy of language for holding the view that "existence" is merely a property of an object, just as color or mass might be a property. This book explores the thought of Alexius Meinong, a philosopher known for his unconventional theory of reference and predication. On Assumptions book. Their birthplace was Austrian Empire Alexius Meinong, The Shepherd of Non-Being. Meinong parle de principe d'indifférence pour signifier qu'en lui-même l'objet pur est indifférent à la notion d'être: il est le … Chrudzimski, A. Ses deux Hume Studien, conçues sous la direction de F. 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