Leaves are arranged in different patterns (phyllotaxis): alternate, opposite, whorled, and spiral. The nutrient taken up by the root hairs is moved up to the shoot system via xylem through capillary action. Each part works to keep the plant alive and functioning properly. The root system retrieves nutrients from soil and stores food while shoot system conducts minerals up and down in the plant parts. Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, Classification of Vascular, Nonvascular, Monocot & Dicot Plants, Structure of Plant Stems: Vascular and Ground Tissue, Lateral Meristem & Secondary Shoot System Growth, Structure of Leaves: The Epidermis, Palisade and Spongy Layers, Primary Root Tissue, Root Hairs and the Plant Vascular Cylinder, Nitrogen Fixation: Significance to Plants and Humans, Xylem: The Effect of Transpiration and Cohesion on Function, Flowers: Structure and Function of Male & Female Components, Methods of Pollination and Flower-Pollinator Relationships, Thigmotropism in Plants: Definition & Overview, Chlorophyll in Plants: Benefits, Function & Definition, Lower Epidermis of a Leaf: Function & Concept, Stamen of a Flower: Definition, Function & Design, The Nitrogen Cycle: Definition, Facts & Steps, Thylakoid Membrane in Photosynthesis: Definition, Function & Structure, Biological and Biomedical Plants have two organ systems: the root system and the shoot system. A plant has many complicated and complex systems that keep it living and growing, including the shoot system. Once there, the leaf will use these materials in photosynthesis as the leaf absorbs sunlight. Get access risk-free for 30 days, The root system Shoot system consists of the stem and the leaves. In fact, three important organs of a plant are the stem, the leaves and the root. The shoot system works closely in part to the root system of the plant. The shoot system consists stems, leaves, and the reproductive parts of the plant (flowers and fruits). The shoot is the production center for a plant. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. Each of these organs performs a different function. Functions of a Stem. - Definition & Function, Ground Tissue in Plants: Function, System & Definition, Phloem: The Pressure Flow Hypothesis of Food Movement, Root System Growth: The Root Cap, Primary Roots & Lateral Roots, External Structures of Plants: Lesson for Kids, Prentice Hall Biology: Online Textbook Help, Glencoe Chemistry - Matter And Change: Online Textbook Help, Prentice Hall Physical Science: Online Textbook Help, National Entrance Screening Test (NEST): Exam Prep, UExcel Anatomy & Physiology: Study Guide & Test Prep, CSET Science Subtest II Life Sciences (217): Practice & Study Guide. The terminal buds grows at the apex, or tip of the plant. It holds leaves in position and helps them to spread out as the stem and its branches grow. Shoots have two kinds of organs, the stem and the leaves, while roots have one type of organ, the root itself. The cork cambium helps to create the bark of the plant, further protecting it from outside harm. Furthermore, Root system occurs in the ground while shoot system occurs on the ground. Already registered? They, in a sense, create a secondary plant themselves. The continuity of the tissues, and particularly the […] The shoot system generally grows above ground, where it absorbs the light needed for photosynthesis. These structures are designed to pull water and minerals from whatever material the plant sits on. This response helps the plant maintain homeostasis by —